How To Choose The Right Sunscreen | Skin Solution 1O1

HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT SUNSCREEN

It is essential to apply sunscreen whenever we step out in the sun as it helps protect our skin from harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays. Prolonged exposure to UV rays can cause sunburn, premature ageing, and even increase the risk of skin cancer. Sunscreen forms a barrier on our skin and prevents UV rays from penetrating the skin. Not only under the sun, on cloudy days also, but even if you are not going out, or staying inside at home, regular use of sunscreen can also keep our skin healthy and glowing, and reduce the risk of premature ageing, skin damage and cancer. Sunscreen is a vital part of our daily routine, especially during summer. Hence, applying sunscreen is crucial to maintain healthy skin and prevent the harmful effects of UV radiation. 

However, choosing the right sunscreen can be a daunting task, with so many brands and types available in the market. In this essay, we will discuss in detail how to choose the right sunscreen. 


1. CHOOSE BROAD-SPECTRUM SUNSCREEN


Broad-spectrum refers to a type of sunscreen that is designed to protect the skin from both UVA and UVB rays. UVA rays are responsible for causing premature ageing, wrinkles, and other types of skin damage, while UVB rays cause sunburns. Broad-spectrum sunscreens use a combination of ingredients to protect the skin from both types of rays, providing comprehensive protection against sun damage.

2. LOOK FOR SPF RATING


SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor, which is a measure of how well a sunscreen can protect the skin from UVB rays, the type of radiation that causes sunburn, skin damage, and skin cancer. The SPF rating on a sunscreen indicates how much longer it will take for the skin to burn when using the product compared to not using it. For instance, sunscreen with an SPF of 30 will take 30 times longer to burn the skin than without sunscreen. For example, your skin tends to get tanned after 10 minutes of unprotected sun exposure or without sunscreen, use of SPF 30 will give you 10 minutes  of SPF 30= 300 minutes, which is 5 hours of protection. SPF (Sun Protection Factor) rating is a measure of how well a sunscreen can protect your skin from UVB rays. The higher the SPF rating, the more protection it offers. However, SPF does not measure protection against UVA rays, which can also cause skin damage and ageing. That’s why it’s crucial to focus on other qualities also.

3. CHECK THE INGREDIENTS


It is essential to check the ingredients of the sunscreen before purchasing it. Avoid sunscreens with harsh chemicals like oxybenzone, avobenzone, homosalate, cinoxate, dioxybenzone, ensulizole, sulisobenzone, meradimate, padimate o, parabens, phthalates and octinoxate. Instead, look for mineral sunscreen or sunscreen with natural ingredients like zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, which are safe for both you and the environment. 

4. WATER RESISTANT


If you plan to swim or engage in any water activities, it is essential to choose a water-resistant sunscreen. Look for sunscreens that are labelled as “water-resistant” “very water-resistant” or “sweat-resistant”. However, keep in mind that no sunscreen is entirely waterproof, and you need to reapply it every two hours or immediately after swimming or sweating.

5. CHECK THE EXPIRATION DATE


It is essential to check the expiration date of the sunscreen before purchasing it. Using an expired sunscreen can be harmful to your skin and offer no protection against UV rays.


6. NON-COMEDOGENIC


Choosing the right non-comedogenic sunscreen is important to prevent breakouts and irritation on your skin. When shopping for sunscreen, make sure to look for the label “non-comedogenic.” This means that the product is formulated to not clog pores.


7. PARABEN FREE


One of the main concerns with parabens is their potential to disrupt the endocrine system, which regulates hormone production in the body. This disruption can lead to various health problems, including skin issues. If you are sensitive to parabens or prefer to avoid them, look for sunscreens that are labelled as “paraben-free.”

8. FRAGRANCE FREE


Fragrances are often added to skincare products to make them more appealing, but they can be irritating to some people, especially those with sensitive skin. If you are prone to skin irritation or allergic reactions, look for sunscreens that are labelled as “fragrance-free.”

9. ALCOHOL FREE


Alcohol is a common ingredient in many skincare and cosmetic products, including sunscreens. However, it can be drying and irritating to some people, especially those with dry or sensitive skin. Look for sunscreens that are labelled as “alcohol-free” if you have concerns about dryness or irritation.

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